Primary & Secondary Sources

  • American Literary Realism-Critical Theory & Intellectual Prestige; Philip J. Barrish (2001)
  • Austen’s Implicit Realism; Bonni Torreman (2015)
  • Literary Darwinism: Evolution, Human Nature, and Literature; Joseph Carroll (2004)
  • Partisan Politics, Narrative Realism, and the Rise of the British Novel; Rachel Carnell (2006)
  • Realism, Naturalism, and Symbolism: Modes of Thought & Expression in Europe-1848-1914; Roland N. Stromberg (1968)
  • Studies in European Realism; György Lukács (1964)
  • The Cambridge Companion to American Realism and Naturalism- From Howells to London; Donald Pizer (1995)
  • The Cambridge Introduction to American Literary Realism; Philip J. Barrish (2011)
  • The Problem of American Realism: Studies in the Cultural History of a Literary Idea; Michael Davitt Bell (1993)
  • A Man's Game: Masculinity and the Anti-Aesthetics of American Literary Naturalism; John Dudley (2004)
  • American Literary Naturalism: Critical Perspectives; Donna Campbell (2011)
  • Literary Naturalism 1865-1940- Its History, Influences, and Legacy; Laurence J. Marriott (2002)
  • Modernism & Naturalism in British & Irish Fiction; Joyce Simon (2005)
  • Realism and Naturalism in Nineteenth-Century American Literature; Donald Pizer (1984)
  • The Beginnings of Naturalism in American Fiction. 1891-1903; Lars Ahnebrink (1950)
  • The Experimental Novel; Émile Zola
  • Theory and Practice of American Literary Naturalism- Donald Pizer (1993)
  • Twentieth-Century American Literary Naturalism; Donald Pizer (1982)


Primary & Secondary Sources

17th Century
  • A History of Seventeenth-Century English Literature; Thomas N. Corns (2007)
  • Norton Anthology of English Literature (Vol. I)
  • Seventeenth Century English Literature; Bruce Kings (1982)
  • Seventeenth Century Literature and Culture; Jim Daems (2006)
  • The Cambridge Companion to Hobbes’s Leviathan; Patricia Springborg (2007)
18th Century
  • The Cambridge Companion to Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding (2007)
  • Routledge Guidebook to Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding (2013)
  • The Cambridge Companion to Jonathan Swift (2003)
  • The Cambridge Companion to Alexander Pope (2007)
  • The Cambridge Companion to Samuel Johnson (1997)
  • Lady Mary Wortley Montague’s Turkish Embassy Letters (1763)
  • Laurence Sterne: Tristram Shandy (1759)
  • Novel Beginnings: Experiments in 18th Cent. English Fiction; Patricia Meyer Spacks (2006)
  • A Concise Companion to the Restoration and Eighteenth Century; Cynthia Wall (2005)
  • Eighteenth Century English Literature; Maximillian E. Novak (1982)
  • Eighteenth-Century British Literature and Postcolonial Studies; Suvir Kaul (2009)
  • Swifts’s Parody; Robbert Fiddian (1995)
  • The Eighteenth -Century Literature Handbook; Gary Day, Bridget Keegan (2009)

Primary & Secondary Sources
  • Outline of American Literature, by Kathryn VanSpanckeren
  • An Outline of American Literature, by Peter B. High, Longman, 1986.
  • The Norton Anthology of American Literature, the Shorter Edition
Secondary Sources

Primary & Secondary Sources
  • Eagleton, Terry. How to Read a Poem. Blackwell Publishing (2007)
  • Eagleton, Terry. Literary Theory. University of Minnesota Press (2008)
  • Eagleton, Terry. The Event of Literature. Yale University Press (2012)
  • Morrissey, Lee. Debating the Canon. Palgrave (2005)
  • Fowler, Alastair. Genre and the Literary Canon. New Literary History (1979)
  • Krystal, Arthur. Agitations: Essays on Life and Literature. Yale University Press (2002)
  • Krystal, Arthur. Except When I Write. Oxford University Press (2011)
  • Barthes, Roland. The Death of the Author (1967)
  • Barthes, Roland. From Work to Text (1971).
  • Foucault, Michel. What is an Author (1969)
  • Wilson, Adrian. Foucault on the Question of Author (2004)
  • Said, Edward. The World, the Text, the Critic. Harvard University Press (1983)
  • Said, Edward. Reflections on Exile. Granta (2000)

Primary Sources
  •  Candida; George Bernard Shaw
  •  Death of a Salesman; Arthur Miller
  •  Mourning Becomes Electera; Eugene O’Neill
  •  The Homecoming; Harold Pinter
  •  Look back in Anger; John Osborne
  •  The Glass Menagerie; Tennessee Williams
  •  The Sandbox; Edward Albee

Primary & Secondary Sources
  • Eagleton, Terry. How to Read a Poem. Blackwell Publishing (2007).
  • Ramazani, Jahan, Richard Ellmann, and Robert O’Clair, eds. The Norton Anthology of Modern and Contemporary Poetry. New York: W. W. Norton & Company (2003)

  • A Companion to the Global Renaissance; Jyotsna G. Singh (2009)
  • A Concise Companion to English Renaissance Literature; Donna B. Hamilton (2006)
  • A New Companion to English Renaissance Literature and Culture- Vol 1; Michael Hattaway (2010)
  • Encyclopedia of Renaissance Literature; James Wyatt Cook (2006)
  • English Literature from the Old English Period through the Renaissance; J. E. Luebering (2011)
  • Macmillan Anthologies of English Literature: The Renaissance; Gordon Campbell (1989)
  • Mimesis and Empire; Barbara Fuchs (2001)
  • Renaissance and Reformations: An Introduction to Early Modern English Literature; Michael Hattaway (2005)
  • Renaissance Literature and Culture; Lisa Hopkins, Matthew Steggle (2007)
  • The Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Humanism; Jill Kraye (2005)
  • The Discarded Image: An Introduction to Medieval and Renaissance Literature; C. S. Lewis (1964)
  • The Forms of Renaissance Though: New Essays in Literature and Culture; Leonard Barkan, Bradin Cormack, Sean Keilen (2009)
  • The Popular Culture of Shakespeare, Spener, and Jonson; Mary Ellen Lamb (2006)
  • The Renaissance Literature Handbook; Susan Bruce & Rebecca Steinberger (2009)

Primary & Secondary Sources
  • A Companion to the American Short Story; Alfred Bendixen, James Nagel (2010)
  • A Companion to the British and Irish Short Story; David Malcolm, Cheryl Alexander Malcolm (2008)
  • Modern American Short Story Sequences: Composite Fictions and Fictive Communities; J. Gerald Kennedy (1995)
  • Modernism, Postmodernism, and the Short Story in English; Jorge Sacido (2012)
  • Postmodern Approaches to the Short Story; Farhat Iftekharrudin, Joseph Boyden, Joseph Longo, Mary Rohrberger (2003)
  • Short Story Theories: A Twenty-First-Century Perspective; Viorica Patea (2012)
  • The Cambridge Introduction to the American Short Story; Martin Scofield (2006)
  • The Cambridge Introduction to the Short Story in English; Adrian Hunter (2007)
  • The Classic Short Story: 1870-1925. Theory of a Genre; Florence Goyet - (2014)
  • The Columbia Companion to the Twentieth-Century American Short Story; Blanche H. Gelfant (2001)
  • The Facts on File Companion to the British Short Story; Andrew Maunder (2007)
  • The Modernist Short Story: A Study in Theory and Practice; Dominic Head (2009)
  • The Postcolonial Short Story: Contemporary Essays; M. Awadalla, P. March-Russell (2012)
  • The Short Story: An Introduction; Professor Paul March-Russell  (2009)
  • The American Short Story Cycle; Smith, Jennifer J. (2017)
  • Writers on Writing: The Art of the Short Story; Maurice A. Lee (2005)


Primary & Secondary Sources
  • Daisy Miller; Henry James
  • Hard Times; Charles Dickens
  • Heart of Darkness; Joseph Conrad
  •  Jude the Obscure; Thomas Hardy
  • Persuasion; Jane Austen
  • The Professor; Charlotte Bronte
  • The Scarlet Letter; Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • 18th-Century English Novel and Culture; Paula R. Backscheider, Catherine Ingrassia (2005)
  • Novel Beginnings: Experiments in 18th Century English Fiction; Patricia Meyer Spacks (2006)
  • The Cambridge Companion to the 18th-Cenury Novel; John Richetti (1996)
  • The Cambridge Introduction to the Novel; Marina MacKay (2011)
  • The English Novel; Terry Eagleton (2005)
  • The Rise of the Novel: Studies in Defoe, Richardson and Fielding; Ian Watt (2000)

Primary & Secondary Sources
  • The Norton Anthology of American Literature; the Shorter Edition
  • An Outline of American Literature; Peter B. High, Longman, 1986.
  • Outline of American Literature; Kathryn VanSpanckeren

Primary & Secondary Sources
  • Literary Prose: A Selection; Hooshang Honarvar
  • The Short Prose Reader; Gilbert H. Muller, Harvey S. Wiener
  • Patterns: A Short Prose Reader; Mary Lou Conlin


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